The first mention of Teran wine dates back to the fourteenth century, when it was served in ceramic bottles to imperial emissaries. Until some one hundred years ago, it was the most widespread variety in Istria. Teran is a wine with character, strength, persistency and slightly higher acidity. Typically the wine of Istrian farm workers and domestic households, it also found its way to the tables of nobility. Teran is best served at about 18 degrees. It is a wine of great potential and impending success, as wines lovers in Europe and around the world begin to learn more about this hidden jewel among Istrian wines.
Tips of scions are light green, very ragged and the edges of the young leaves are redish. The flower is bisexual. Grown leaf is roundish or long, middle part is wide, has three or five parts, stem sinus has an open V shape, a top side is clearly green, in Autumn purple-brown, along the ribs green ,a downside is whitish and wooly. Cluser is mid size or big, dense or loose, garnet: cluser stem is meddium long, strong, wooden to the knee, typicaly green, like the whole stem. Ripe berries are mid size, black-purple, eggshaped. Skin is very resilient, meat is bursty, under the skin redish, juice sourish, without a special taste. Fruitfulness is abundant, good disease resistance. Red petiole Teran, which is best represented in Istria, accumulates average 16% of sugar and over 10g/L of total acids. Exceptionaly high or higher content of total acids is one of the main technologic characteristics. Ripens late (IV cycle) and if the weather during September is nice, gives high quality (over 19% of sugar). Teran wine has characteristic red colour, when stired in a glass gets a purple tone. Aroma is delicate, expressed and recognizable with typical fruity, raspberry scented dominating character. Relatively high content of total acids and a certain hue of acerbity, integrated into the high extract, which is often excceding 25 all the way to 30g/L, gives this wine characteristic taste of full, strong, robust and yet pleasantly matched wine. Due to that especial fullness and a large quantity of polyphenols (tannins, anthocyans) is considered as therapeutic wine. Due to it’s characteristics is very nicely mached with pršut (prosciutto ham), chese and with meat and game dishes. At the temperature of 18 C it’s characteristics are best expressed. Roman naturalist Pliny the Elder wrote that puccinum was the favorite of Augustus's wife Livia who lived to the respectable age of 82. The medicinal properties of lactic acid and bivalent iron, that are highly contained in Kraski Teran, have been confirmed by a modern medicine. The wine stimulates the appetite and facilitates digestion of fatty foods. A bottle of teran wine from western Istria, Croatia, made of the same-named grapes Kraski Teran is traditionally well paired together with pršut (prosciutto or air-dried ham). However, it matches also with other pork dishes, sausages, pancetta or cooked ham with horseradish (traditional foods of the Kras Plateau and Istria). Kraski Teran should be served at 15 - 16 °C (59 - 60.8 °F).